“Stress is the body’s way of responding to a challenge”.
When a stressful event occurs the sympathetic nervous system responds by releasing stress hormones which stimulate body for emergency action resulting in ‘flight-or-fight’ response;your blood pressure rises, muscles tightens, breath fastens, heart pumps fast and sharpens your sense organs.
A stressor is the stimuli or a threat that causes stress. ex:- death or loss of someone,loss of job etc.
Types of stress
Stress can be classified into acute stress and chronic stress.
Acute stress- Sudden onset of stress due to an immediate stimuli. It can be exciting and keep us alert. A person with acute stress disorder may experience difficulty in concentrating,recalling,sleeping. Acute stress may not be a negative stress always.
Chronic stress- It is long term stress which may not be controllable. Chronic stress can effect your physical health, mental health and your behavior. Chronic stress can contribute to several serious health issues such as heart problems, accidents, cancer, lung disease, depression , cirrhosis of the river and even suicide.
We cannot eliminate bad stress from our lives but we can learn to avoid and manage the stresses and find ways to overcome those things in daily life.