Post Partum Depression can be caused by a plethora of reasons, some of which may be hormonal or genetic or related to the birth of the child. A woman’s body undergoes massive hormonal changes during and after her pregnancy. Some of these hormones are believed to be the cause behind PPD. Although it is still not very clear as to what causes Post Partum depression, there are some factors, which increase the risk of post partum depression in a new mother. Some of them have been listed below
- Any previous histories of post partum depression– women who have suffered from Post partum depression in their previous childbirth are more prone to suffering from it again as well. The reverse of this is also true which states that women with previous absolutely normal post delivery periods may also suffer from post partum depression after their latest childbirth.
- Previous history of depression– women suffering from depression in their ante- natal period or even before they got pregnant are also more likely to suffer from post partum depression.
- Birth related trauma– a woman with any kind of emotional or physical trauma that she may have suffered during her pregnancy or delivery such as complicated pregnancy or a prolonged labor or any previous history of abortions is also more likely to suffer from Post Partum Depression.
- Change in lifestyle– lets accept the fact that bringing up a child and raising a good human being is a difficult task. After the birth of the baby, everything revolves and rotates around the baby. The parents’ own lives take a back seat, as the child becomes a priority now. Even this may cause depression in certain cases.
- Lack of support– it has been rightly said that it takes a village to raise a child. And most women need a lot of support, both physical and emotional from family and friends post childbirth. Rearing a child alone without any help can sometimes seem like a very daunting task, often leading to depression.
- History of substance abuse– any kind of alcohol or drug abuse also significantly increases the chances of having post partum depression.
- Personal problems– such as a troubled marriage, a single parent status, financial problems can also contribute to getting depressed.
- Issues with the baby– a child suffering from repeated colic episodes or any other kind of illness can be cranky and difficult to handle. This can also cause depression in either one or both the parents.
- Violence– a woman facing any kind of physical, mental or emotional violence at home or work place is also more likely to suffer from post partum depression.
- Sleep Deprivation– human body requires 7-8 hours of sound sleep every night to function properly. After the birth of the child, sleepless nights are very common for the first 2-3 years of the child’s life. This sleep deprivation combined with other factors can also cause depression.
The above listed factors are just some of the reasons that may lead to post partum depression. Every female’s mental and physical make up is different; hence the reasons for depression may also be very varied between two females. This is just the tip of the iceberg.