Infertility refers to the inability to conceive after having regular unprotected intercourse for minimum period of one year.
Fertility is the natural capability to produce offspring
Infertility Causes and Risk Factors
- Age- A woman’s fertility start to drop after 30-35 years of age.
A man’s fertility progressively drops after 40’s.
- Obese /overweight- Obesity/overweight and a sedentary lifestyle are often found to be the main causes of female infertility. A overweight man has a higher risks of having abnormal sperms.
- Stress- ovulation and sperm production maybe affected by stress if at least one partner is stressed, it is possible that frequency of intercourse is less resulting in lower chance of consumption.
- Underweight and eating disorders- women who have become seriously underweight due to eating disorder may have fertility problems.
- Alcoholism- a women’s fertility can be seriously affected by alcohol consumption. alcohol abuse can also lower male fertility.
- Exposure to chemicals/radiation- some pesticides, metals( lead) , herbicides, radiation, have been associated with fertility problems in both men and women.
- Over exercising – a woman who exercise more than 7 hours a week.
- Smoking- smoking in both men and woman can lead to infertility, smoking during pregnancy can lead to miscarriage.
- Infections – pelvic inflammatory diseases and sexual transmitted diseases (STD)can lead to infertility.
- Hormonal causes- Hormonal in balances like hypothyroidism and hyperprolactinemia can lead to loss of fertility.