What is Insomnia and its Symptoms | Treatment for Insomnia


Amidst the hustle schedule of our lives we face variety of health issues. It may be Blood Pressure, Anxiety disorders, Anger management issues or Insomnia. Today we will discuss the definition, symptoms and remedies to uproot the problem of Insomnia. Statistics reveal that even students in modern India face sleeping disorders. There has been exponential rise in number of insomnia cases in every age group. About 30% of the general population complains about the sleep disruption and almost most of them have reported reduced functionality in daytime at work or school. What is this? What are the causes? How it can be detected and diagnosed? Let us get you through it.

Insomnia is defined as a state in which the concerned person is not able to sleep or stay asleep. This leads to different outcomes in terms of dissatisfaction, fatigue, low energy, low concentration, mood swings and decrease in efficiency. One can detect insomnia on the basis of these specific outcomes.

Types of Insomnia

It can be further classified in terms of the duration it is experienced as Acute and Chronic. Acute insomnia is short termed, based on anxiety or stress felt by a person, for example a night before exam, stress of a bad news etc. It resolves with time without any specific treatment. Whereas Chronic insomnia lasts for about three months and occurs at least three nights per week. The reasons can be changes in environment, depression, unhealthy sleeping habits, long term use of certain medications. It can also be a result of another medical issue, thus it is not always possible to detect the cause and direct relationship.

Further insomnia can also be differentiated with the state it is experienced in i.e. onset and maintenance insomnia. It is explained as difficulty in falling sleep and discontinuous sleep sessions in addition with waking up early in the morning respectively.

Treatment for Insomnia

Treatment for insomnia includes behavioral, psychological, other medical components either individually or their combination, depending upon the case history and symptoms. Physicians suggest to improve sleeping habits i.e. bedtime habits and actions you do before sleep. Try to go to sleep and wake up at a designated time for some days and avoid taking naps in afternoon.

Then some cases may need Cognitive Behavioral Therapy which includes addressing the thoughts and behaviors that hinders good sleep. This can further be divided into stress reduction, relaxation and sleep schedule management.

Doctor can also prescribe sleeping pills depending on patient’s case history and insomnia patterns. Avoid stimulants such as caffeine, nicotine and sedatives like alcohol at late hours of the day as they can keep you awake and interfere with sleep quality respectively. Also opt for exercise regularly in the morning to energize the body for better work efficiency and good sleeping results. Try to choose light snack before bed instead of heavy meal. Make sure your bedroom is dark, quiet and cozy. If you can’t sleep and worrying about things then make a to-do list before going to bed so that you can unload your burden and sleep like a baby. These simple steps will help you to avoid sleeping disorders and lead a perfect healthy life with greater efficiency.

Chartered Accountant by Profession, I have a great interest in penning down my thoughts on various topics and issues and that is what sways me to come up with the best possible articles for helping the public at large.


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