The breast cancer treatment depends on the type of Breast Cancer, its stage, grade and sensitivity to hormones.
Treatments Available For Breast Cancer
The main available options of breast cancer treatment are surgery, radiotherapy, chemotherapy, hormone therapy, biological therapy and targeted therapy.
Surgery is considered as primary treatment for early stage breast cancer. many patients are cured with surgery alone. Surgery can be followed by chemotherapy or radiotherapy if required.
The are two main types of surgery to remove breast cancer:-
1. Breast- conserving surgery (lumpectomy, quadrantectomy, partial mastectomy or segmental mastectomy) in which the part of the breast containing cancer is removed.
2. Mastectomy the all breast is removed.
Radiotherapy is the treatment with high energy rays or particles that destroy cancer cells. Radiotherapy is often given after breast conserving surgery .
radiation may also be recommended after or distant metastatic cancer.
It is the treatment with cancer killing drugs.It can be given intravenously or by mouth.Common chemo drugs used for early breast cancer include-
Doxorubicin / adriamycin
This may be used in combination with other drugs like fluorouracil[5-FU],cyclophosphamide and carboplatin.
Hormonal Therapy treat hormone- receptor – positive breast cancers in two ways.
1. by lowering the amount of oestrogen in the body.
2.By blocking the action of oestrogen in breast cancer cells.
biological therapy is also called bio teraphy or immunal therapy. it is designed to stimulate or restore the ability of immune system to fight against infection and diseases.
It is a new type of cancer treatment that uses drugs or other substances that block the growth and spread of cancer by interfering specific molecules that are evolved in the progress of cancer.